The usual place for non recyclable or non reusable waste is landfills. A landfill site may be used to fill a hole left by quarrying, or a landfill site may be a component of a land reclamation project. The most popular and traditional approach for getting rid of rubbish is to dump it in a landfill. The most popular method for getting rid of organised rubbish has long been landfills, and it still is in many parts of the world.
Some landfills are frequently used as a waste management facility to combine and move waste, store waste for brief periods of time, or treat it (for example, composting). Excavating a sizable pit and filling it with material is a common way to convert bare ground into a landfill. The hole is typically filled with many layers of plastic, steel, or concrete to prevent the waste from leaking into the earth.
What use does a landfill serve?
Because they collect trash from businesses and homes, landfills are an essential piece of infrastructure. Waste production rises in tandem with population growth. Even though recycling rates have gone up, regular rubbish still needs to be managed safely and efficiently.
Landfills in Arizona
La Paz County Landfill
The La Paz County Landfill is situated at 26999 Highway 95, Milepost 128 and 3.5 miles south of the intersection of Highways 95 and 72 in Parker, Arizona. They take waste including contaminated soil, construction and demolition debris, recyclables, sludge, friable and non-friable asbestos, and municipal solid waste, yard waste and auto tyres.
Lake Havasu City Landfill
The Lake Havasu City Landfill is a solid waste disposal facility that bury trash and garbage under layers of soil or other cover materials in Lake Havasu, Arizona. Both the Arizona state environmental departments and the United States Environmental Protection Agency regulate sanitary landfills, dump sites, and rubbish dumps in Lake Havasu. Arizona is also in charge of granting permission for garbage disposal facilities. The Lake Havasu City Landfill’s layout, operations, and permitted waste sources are all governed by permitting regulations.
The address of the Eloy MSW Landfill is 305 South Toltec Highway, Eloy, Arizona 85231.They accept trash such as demolition and construction debris, sludge, and yard waste.
What are the landfill’s effects on the environment?
Garbage dump locations are undesirable. In addition, landfills are a significant source of pollution and have a lot of unfavourable effects in addition to the unsightly sight of mounting trash piles. Future generations will be concerned about the waste in landfills because of its slow decomposition.
Leachate, greenhouse gases, and toxic discharge are landfills’ principal drawbacks. Garbage decomposition is accelerated by bacteria in organic waste. When weak acidic chemicals formed by decaying rubbish combine with waste liquids, leachate and landfill gas are produced. Additionally, due to the smells, unpleasant looks, and rat numbers, seagull and rat infestations create their own waste problems.
Many wastes contain chemicals that are bad for your health. One example is old electronics that no longer work. Electronic waste contains a long list of harmful chemicals, such as mercury, arsenic, cadmium, PVC, solvents, acids, and lead. As these pollutants build up in our soils and groundwater, they pose a long-term threat to the environment.
Leachate is a substance produced when garbage decomposes in a landfill and water runs through it. This beverage can harm groundwater, streams, and the environment if ingested. The majority of environmentally dangerous contaminants come from landfills. Plastics, including PVC, and other materials emit hazardous substances as they break down.
The category of waste that is growing the quickest in wealthy countries is electronic waste. The bulk of domestic waste is disposed of in landfills even though it is the most hazardous type. Electronic waste contains solvents, acids, and heavy metals.
The contents of a landfill cell are exposed to rain while being filled. When rainwater filters through the landfill, dissolving and draining off 5-7 percent of the poison residue, a foul-smelling liquid known as leachate is produced.
Depending on the quantity of rain that falls, leachate from a single dump site can annually fill several Olympic-sized swimming pools. Leachate is gathered and circulated back into the landfill cells in order to prevent contamination of the land, groundwater, and waterways. Some of the toxins are reabsorbed when leachate is returned to a landfill, but the remaining toxins filter through once again and build up over time.
Greenhouse gases are made in landfills, which is a big problem for the environment. When trash like food scraps and green waste is put in a landfill, it is usually packed down and covered. Because this process takes away the oxygen, it leads to anaerobic digestion. Methane is a greenhouse gas that is stronger than carbon dioxide and will be released as a result of this process. 35–55 percent of landfill gas is made up of methane and carbon dioxide.
The other 30–44 percent is made up of other gases. Methane is another flammable gas that can be dangerous if it builds up and isn’t taken care of quickly. Climate change and global warming will be affected in big ways. Many of these problems can be solved by putting your food scraps and yard waste in a compost bin.
In the first 20 years after it is released, methane’s greenhouse effect is between 84 and 100 times stronger than carbon dioxide’s. The most important thing for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the next ten or twenty years is the path we’re on right now.
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